Treatment Options For Diabetes

There are multiple treatment options available if you are diagnosed with diabetes. It is recommended to consult with your physician to determine the appropriate types of care based on your healthcare needs. The medicine you take may vary by your type of diabetes and how well the medicine controls your blood glucose levels.


Taking insulin is a huge part of treating diabetes. Along with making lifestyle changes like healthy food choices and exercise, insulin will help you manage the disease more effectively.  The way you take insulin may depend on your lifestyle, insurance plan, physician advice and personal preferences. Insulin comes in different types from rapid acting (lasting up to 2-to-4 hours); to intermediate acting (lasting up to 12-to-18 hours); to long acting, (which last for 24 hours or more). 

Insulin is also available in different forms. Depending on the type of diabetes, some patients take their insulin through a needle and syringe. Some may take the pen and others may opt for the pump. There are also diabetes inhalers, injection ports and jet injectors, which are less common. Your physician will help you decide which is the best option for you.

Oral Medicine

You may need to take a combination of oral medicines to effectively manage your diabetes. Medicine will lower the amount of glucose that your liver makes and help your body use insulin better. Some meds may also help you lose a small amount of weight. Your physician will determine the best medicines based on a number of factors to help you effectively manage your diabetes. 

Speak With An Expert About Treatment Options

If you have questions and would like to talk about treatment options for Type 1, Type 2, Gestational or Pre-diabetes, one of the experts at the Howard University Hospital Diabetes Treatment Center is ready to speak with you at your earliest convenience. Call us at 202-865-3350 or click on the red tab below to schedule a consultation.

Can I Reverse My Diabetes Without Medication?

There's no cure for diabetes. Studies show it's possible for some people to reverse it through proper dieting, exercise and weight loss. The goal is to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn't mean you're completely cured.

What Treatment Options Are Available?

Treatment options for diabetes falls under medication, diet, and insulin. If you have been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin because your body no longer makes this hormone. You will need to take insulin several times during the day, including with meals. You also could use an insulin pump, which gives you small, steady doses throughout the day. People living with Type 2 diabetes may need diabetes medicine as well. However, you can manage the disease by making healthy food choices and being more physically active. These medicines may include diabetes pills or insulin injections under the skin. If you have gestational diabetes, you may be recommended to control your blood glucose level by making healthy food choices and getting regular physical activity. If you can’t reach your blood glucose target, your physician will talk with you about diabetes medicines, such as insulin or pills that are safe for you to take during pregnancy.

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